Allopurinol is used to treat many symptoms of gout including tophi (collection of uric acid crystals in the tissues, especially around joints), joint destruction, and uric acid stones. It is also used to control the level of uric acid in the blood of cancer patients.
You must take Allopurinol exactly as prescribed to you. Most doctors start with a low dosage and gradually increase it with time. It is recommended that you drink plenty of fluids while undergoing treatment with Allopurinol. Avoid taking Vitamin C to prevent formation of kidney stones.
If you miss a dose of Allopurinol then take it as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the one you missed and go back to your regular schedule. But do not take 2 doses at once.
Store Allopurinol in a cool dark place away from light.
There is no detailed information available about an Allopurinol overdose. But like most medications, Allopurinol when taken in excess can have serious consequences. So seek medical attention immediately.
Attacks of gout may occur in the earlier phase of treatment with Allopurinol. So avoid beer, wine, and purine-rich foods such as anchovies, and liver.
Possible Side Effects
Check with your doctor if any of these most common side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these severe side effects occur:
severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); blood in urine or painful urination; dark urine; fever, chills, or sore throat; irritation of the eyes; joint pain; loss of appetite; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin; stomach pain; unexplained weight loss; unusual bruising or bleeding; unusual muscle pain or weakness; yellowing of the skin or eyes.
If you have any questions about Allopurinol, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
Allopurinol is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
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